Wedge Grips

At AML Instruments, we understand the importance of accurate testing results in any industry . That’s why we’re proud to offer a wide range of high-quality testing equipment, including wedge grips for your Tensile Testers & Universal Testing Machines. Wedge grips are an essential component of any testing setup that requires high force clamping of the specimens. We have wedge grips from 1 kN to 5000 kN capacity and everything in between.

Our Wedge Grips are all manufactured in Germany and are suitable to be fitted to any make or model of Materials Testing Machine. Our grip range is significantly more cost effective than the ranges supplied by the likes of Instron, Zwick, MTS, Mecmesin etc.

We are on hand to provide expert advice on the correct type of wedge grip and jaws for your application, contact us today on 01522 789 375 or [email protected]

Wedge Grips utilise a self-tightening clamping mechanism that increase the clamping force applied to the test specimens during the test as the force is applied. Our wedge grips are designed to provide unparalleled accuracy, strength, and reliability, ensuring you can confidently achieve the testing results you need.

Whether you’re in the adhesive, aerospace, automotive, manufacturing, or medical industry,   Instruments has the wedge grips you need to take your testing standards to the next level.

Only a small number of the Wedge Grips are listed on our website, here is a link to an overview of some of the grips and fixtures available.

Follow this link for a photobook of the most popular Grips and Fixtures

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These are the different types of wedge grips available

Various types of wedge grips are available on the market, each offering unique benefits and applications.

Mechanical wedge grips are the most commonly used and rely on the manual setting of the sample between the grip jaws. They utilise only the wedge clamping action of the grip to securely hold the specimen in place during the test.

Hydraulic wedge grips, on the other hand, utilise hydraulic pressure as well as the wedge action to tighten the sample between the grip jaws. This type of wedge grip is best suited for applications requiring very high clamping forces. The other advantage of the hydraulic wedge grip is that the clamping force is adjustable, making these a flexible solution for a wide range of tests and materials.

Pneumatic wedge grips use compressed air and the wedge action to generate clamping force, making them an excellent choice for testing applications that require frequent sample changes, they allow for quick and easy gripping and releasing of the samples. Similar to the hydraulic wedge grips, the pneumatic wedge grips offer an adjustable clamping pressure, this too makes these a flexible option for testing a wide range of materials.

No matter the application, AML Instruments has the expertise and experience to recommend the best wedge grip. We provide a wide range of options for mechanical, hydraulic, and pneumatic wedge grips, each designed to meet the specific demands of your industry and testing requirements.

Benefits of Wedge Grips

Wedge grips offer numerous benefits to those in need of high-precision testing.

High Clamping Forces. One of the main advantages of wedge grips is their ability to generate high clamping forces, making them ideal for testing various materials, including metals and composites.

Grip Stability. Additionally, wedge grips offer excellent grip stability, ensuring the sample remains securely in place during testing. This stability is further enhanced by the self-gripping clamping mechanism, which provides a tighter grip as the load increases.

Another benefit of wedge grips is their durability, reliability and ability to cope well with the high energy release or some materials at the point of specimen failure.

Long Life Span. They are typically made of high-quality materials, such as stainless steel, ensuring a long lifespan and reducing the need for frequent replacements. Wedge grips are versatile and can be used in various testing applications.

Minimal Maintenance. Finally, wedge grips are easy to use and require minimal maintenance, allowing greater efficiency and productivity in testing operations. Overall, wedge grips provide accurate and reliable testing results, making them essential for any testing setup.

jaw faces

What are Wedge Grips used for?

Wedge grips are essential for those requiring accurate testing of materials and products across various industries. One of the most common uses of wedge grips is in tensile testing, where the grip jaws clamp onto a sample and pull it apart until it breaks.

This type of testing is used to determine the strength and deformation properties of materials, making it crucial in the aerospace, automotive, and construction industries. Wedge grips are also sometimes used in compression testing, where the grip jaws compress a sample until it buckles or fails.

This type of testing is used to determine the compressive strength of materials, which is essential in industries such as concrete production and structural engineering.

Additionally, wedge grips are used in flexure testing, where the grip jaws are used to clamp onto a sample and apply a bending force until it breaks. This type of testing is used to determine the flexural strength and modulus of materials, which is vital in the furniture manufacturing and packaging industries.

Overall, wedge grips are essential in any testing application that requires high clamping force and accuracy, ensuring that products and materials meet the required standards for safety and performance.

What material are they made out of?

Wedge grips are typically made of high-quality materials that provide durability, strength, and reliability. The grip jaws are often made of stainless steel, offering excellent corrosion resistance and can withstand high temperatures, making it ideal for testing applications in harsh environments.

The wedge mechanism is typically made of steel or similar high-strength material to ensure a solid and secure grip on the sample. In addition to steel, some wedge grips may incorporate other materials, such as aluminium or titanium, which offer unique properties such as lightweight or enhanced strength.

The grips may also feature a coating or finish that provides additional protection against wear and tear, such as chrome or nickel plating. Overall, the materials used in the construction of wedge grips are carefully selected to ensure maximum performance and longevity, providing users with accurate and reliable testing results throughout the life of the grip.

Two Different Operating Principles

There are two distinct operating principles: Body over wedge and Lever.

Body over wedge operating principle

Wedge grips that operate on the principle of self-tightening clamping generate a greater preloading force when the specimen is initially inserted.

This preload is transmitted to the grip jaws via a lead screw within the grip body. The main gripping force is not achieved until the tensile loading is applied through the wedge effect.

One key advantage of this type of grip is those specimens prone to slippage are securely held from the beginning, while the gripping length remains constant even if specimen thickness varies.

Advantages of the body over wedge principle

  • The modular design of the grips allows for manual or pneumatic actuation as needed.
  • Specimen grips maintain constant jaw position in the test direction, regardless of specimen thickness.
  • The manual version is a cost-effective, robust solution with high preload forces operated through a radially mounted lever.
  • The pneumatic version emphasizes fast, reproducible, and parallel gripping, with full gripping force available from the start for direct transfer of test speed to the specimen.
  • Simple extensions are used when working in a temperature chamber, and the pneumatic actuator is positioned outside the chamber for ease of use.

Lever Operating Principle

Self-gripping wedge grips apply preload to the specimen through a lever and spring during insertion. Still, the main gripping force is only achieved during tensile loading via the wedge effect. The gripping pressure remains constant with the tensile force due to the displacement of the wedges. These grips offer the advantage of quick testing and reduced operator force requirements.

Advantages Of The Lever Operating Principle

  • The closing force of self-gripping wedge grips is proportional to the tensile force.
  • Wedge grips always close symmetrically concerning the tensile axis
  • Long clamping length and good jaw guiding properties minimise contact pressure on the specimen.
  • High-temperature resistance and low overall height make specimen grips ideal for use in temperature chambers.
  • The wedge grip design allows for fast and energy-saving operation using a lever.
  • The lever can be locked when the wedge grips are open.

Maintenance and Safety of the Grips

Maintenance and safety are critical considerations when using tensile testing wedge grips. Regular maintenance of the grips is essential to ensure accurate and reliable testing results.

It is essential to keep the grips clean and free of any debris that could impact their performance. It’s imperative the jaws and body are lubricated with the correct type of grease on a regular basis. Additionally, the grip jaws should be inspected regularly for any signs of wear and tear or damage that could compromise their grip on the specimen.

If any issues are identified, the grips should be repaired or replaced immediately to prevent potential safety hazards during testing. Proper safety measures must also be followed when using tensile testing wedge grips. Operators should always wear appropriate personal protective equipment, such as gloves and safety glasses, and follow all manufacturer instructions and guidelines for the safe use of the grips.

Regular training on safe grip usage and maintenance is also recommended for all operators to ensure they are fully aware of the risks associated with improper use or maintenance of the grips.